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Knee Replacement

Knee replacement surgery is the surgical reconstruction of degenerative joints using prosthetics. People who experience enduring knee inflammation, severe pain and swelling should consider knee replacement surgery. Knee replacement surgeries, also known as knee arthroplasty or knee resurfacing, can help patients with degenerative knee conditions as a result of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Degenerative arthritis or knee arthritis is a degenerative joint disease that gradually worsens over time, leading to arthroscopic knee surgery. Knee replacement helps treat knee problems such as persistent knee joint pain as a result of frequent physical activity. Gena valgum, commonly known as knock knees, is a condition where a person's feet and ankles remain apart when standing up straight. Knock knees or irregular knee alignment may be the result of an underlying condition, and if this case, the patient will need to have knock knee surgery or knock knees treatment. Knock knee correction, or a guided growth procedure involves cutting and straightening the thigh or shin bone and halting the growth on the irregular side of the bone.

Total Knee Replacement    Knee Replacement

What should I consider before this the procedure?

Before you decide to undergo a knee operation, your orthopaedic surgeon will perform an evaluation to check that it is the best option for you and that you are a suitable candidate for the procedure. Knee replacement takes approximately two hours, and your surgeon will explain the details of the total knee replacement surgery to you before it is scheduled. It is important to note that post-operative rehabilitation is a very important part of the process of recovery.

How knee replacement surgery is performed

When performing the surgery, your orthopaedic surgeon will remove the damaged parts of the knee joint, and use prosthetic implants to replace them. Surgical bone cement will be used to attach the prosthetic components to the bone. The distal end of the femur and the proximal end of the tibia will both be replaced with metal components, and a plastic insert will be used between them to recreate the joint space and assist in lubrication between the surfaces.

How knee replacement surgery is performed

When performing the surgery, your orthopaedic surgeon will remove the damaged parts of the knee joint, and use prosthetic implants to replace them. Surgical bone cement will be used to attach the prosthetic components to the bone. The distal end of the femur and the proximal end of the tibia will both be replaced with metal components, and a plastic insert will be used between them to recreate the joint space and assist in lubrication between the surfaces.

What should I know after the procedure?

After the total knee replacement surgery is complete, it is quite likely that you will need to see a physiotherapist. He or she will help you to understand any limitations or precautions you need to take while you recover. You will be discharged once you are able to flex your new knee to 90 degrees, and you are able to manage stairs with crutches, most often within 3-5 days of the procedure. After the surgery, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics for 24 hours – this is to decrease the risk of infections. You will also be given some pain medication directly after the procedure in order to relieve any discomfort. Precautions will be taken to prevent the formation of blood clots within your veins – Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT).

It is important to remember that it can take time for you to recover from your knee replacement surgery properly, and you will not be fully mobile immediately after the procedure is complete. It is essential that you give yourself adequate time to heal. Your recovery time will depend very much on how severe your symptoms were before the procedure. Your doctor will advise you on the best recovery plan for your specific needs.

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DR PREYEN NAIDU

Suite C2-7. Second Floor, Block C,
Netcare Blaauwberg Hospital,
Waterville Crescent
Sunningdale,
Cape Town
7441

CONTACT

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Email address reception@boneandjoint.co.za

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